in Young Adults

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) was once a disease that only impacted the older adult population. However, emerging evidence has demonstrated that it now affects young adults under 40 (Hitke et al., 2015). It’s estimated that the onset of T2D in young adults includes 16% of the adult T2D population of the world (Wong et al., 2022). Individuals diagnosed at a younger age can present with more than one metabolic profile issue due to insulin resistance (Hitke et al., 2015). For example, a person can have type 2 diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Additionally, young adults diagnosed with T2D can be categorized as overweight and obese and have a family history of diabetes. Obesity-related insulin resistance is the primary driver of T2D in young adults (Htike et al., 2015).

Htike, Z. Z., Webb, D., Khunti, K., & Davies, M. (2015). Emerging epidemic and challenges of type 2 diabetes in young adults. Diabetes Management, 5(6), 473–483.  

Wong, J., Ross, G. P., Zoungas, S., Craig, M. E., Davis, E. A., Donaghue, K. C., Maple‐Brown, L. J., McGill, M. J., Shaw, J. E., Speight, J., Wischer, N., & Stranks, S. (2022). Management of type 2 diabetes in young adults aged 18–30 years: ADS/ADEA/APEG consensus statement. Medical Journal of Australia, 216(8), 422–429.